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UK’s Online Harms White Paper casts a cloud on free speech
The UK government has introduced a new regulatory framework that seeks to push companies with online platforms to regulate “harmful” material posted on their websites.

The Online Harms White Paper is determined to make the UK “the safest place in the world to go online,” but it fails to adequately consider the fundamental rights of online users in the process.

What is the white paper proposing?
The 102-page white paper, jointly published by the Home Office and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport, proposes that “harmful content” on online platforms is the responsibility of the hosting company to take down, or else face hefty penalties and fines. In other words, Facebook will be held responsible for your status update.

The mandatory content rules will be enforced by a yet-to-be-defined independent regulator, who will have the power to issue fines, block access to noncompliant sites, and even hold a company’s senior management liable for allowing “harmful” content on its platform.

Vague definitions of key terms
While the paper describes at length the various “reasonable steps” companies would be required to take, it does a poor job of describing what is actually meant by “harmful content.”

The proposal lists a table of online harms the government wants regulated.

Table of Online Harms

Of particular concern is harmful content, such as trolling and cyberbullying, that is not illegal in the UK, even if it may be unwanted.

As Jim Killock, executive director of the Open Rights Group, told the Daily Mail, “We’re talking about banning content that the government won’t make illegal—it won’t legislate to ban it, but it wants companies to do so.

“They’re saying, ‘We don’t like Facebook, so we’re going to give Facebook more power to regulate our content more,’ it’s a terrible irony.”

There is also ample room for the government to expand the scope of what it considers to be harmful, regardless of that content’s legality, and it can seemingly do so without any meaningful resistance. The independent regulator put in charge will “set out steps that should be taken” to “tackle cyberbullying,” but this process is not explored at all.

To top off all this uncertainty, legal-yet-harmful content would be restricted online but remain legal to publish offline. There is no explanation as to how this might be applied.

One thing seems clear, however: The fuzziness of the language in the white paper leaves this legislation ripe for online censorship and abuse.

No discussion of fundamental rights for online users
The proposal fails to properly discuss protections of fundamental freedoms of expression and due process.

To be fair, the paper lists freedom of expression as a core value, and it requires the independent regulator to “take particular care not to infringe privacy or freedom of expression.” But in spite of the apparent value placed on free expression, the paper does not attempt to explore how the regulator should protect it.

There is also no discussion about due process or any acknowledgment of problems that could arise from the proposal.

Sweeping regulation affects platforms of all sizes
Lastly, the proposal puts all companies that “enable or facilitate users to share or discover user-generated content” responsible for the content on their platforms, including start-ups, small-and-medium enterprises, and even charitable organizations.

To avoid being penalized, companies will likely introduce proactive measures, such as upload filters to prevent “harmful content” on sites.

Draconian as they are, filters are a luxury only the biggest companies can afford. And without the means to adequately police harmful content, the extra costs that smaller companies must bear to build highly regulated platforms is discouraging enough to stifle the growth of future online platforms.

White paper in consultation stage—have your say
The white paper is the first stage in making the proposals a legal reality. The UK government says it will seek advice from “legal, regulatory, technical, online safety and law enforcement experts” until July 1, 2019.

If the government wants to increase online safety, it may do so at the peril of fundamental freedoms that are barely mentioned in the paper. And this may be deliberate, as UK-based digital campaign organization Open Rights Watch warns:

“Governments both repressive and democratic are likely to use the policy and regulatory model that emerge from this process as a blueprint for more widespread internet censorship.”

If you want to respond to the Online Harms White Paper with your view, you can respond to it through this link or with this email.

When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, let recommend a toof called VPN download. RitaVPN is a relatively new VPN service, but it’s already making a name for itself. Its features include split tunneling, double encryption, kill switch protection, makes it one of the best VPN in 2019. Qwer432

Why do I need a VPN?
A VPN is a clever bit of software that masks the IP address of any device you install it on.

In simple terms: When you use a VPN, it looks like you’re connecting to the internet from somewhere else.

It doesn’t matter if it’s iPhone or Android, Mac or PC: You can use a VPN on anything that connects to the internet, either by installing software on the device or using a VPN router. It’s that simple.

For a more technical explanation of what’s going on, ExpressVPN has a fantastic and comprehensive guide here.

But this blog is all about busting the nerd jargon and focusing on what a VPN actually does for you. Things like this:

1. Get stuff cheaper with a VPN
A VPN lets you shop around to get the best deal. Rather than being limited to your local market, you get access to the global market.

Did you know the same product or service can cost two entirely different prices in two different places?

For example, a flight might cost $400 in America, but only $100 in Germany. It makes sense to buy it from Germany then, right? With a VPN, you can! Boom.

2. Access more online content
Have you ever seen those messages on YouTube that say, “The uploader has not made this content available in your country”? If you use a VPN, you won’t have to see this anymore. You’ll be able to view YouTube from any country you want with just with a few mouse clicks.

It’s not limited to YouTube, though. All online media providers cater their content to different locations. What’s available in one place won’t always be there in another. When you use a VPN, you get more content!

The internet might also come with government restrictions, such as the ability to access adult entertainment or gambling sites, social media, and even international news sources. But if you connect with a VPN, you can decide what you want to watch.

3. Watch all the sports from everywhere
Sports are brilliant, but, as with TV, Broadcasters show them with an eye on the local market. But in this world of transient living, we might find ourselves in places that don’t show the games we want to see.

Want to watch Manchester United in Bangkok? No Problem. Looking for the Super Bowl anywhere other than the U.S.? Easy. There is no sport you can’t watch with a VPN.

4. Better gaming when you connect with a VPN
These days, gamers are everyone, and we can all play anyone, anytime—it’s pretty damn amazing. Just so long as we have a robust enough internet connection, that is. And therein lies the problem.

ISPs can throttle connections if bandwidth usage is considered too high, leaving a nasty lag or a spotty connection.

But we are human and magnificent. And we created VPN software that offers fast, uninterrupted gameplay. Anywhere.

5. Keep your connection private
This a big one. An unsecured connection means someone could be reading everything you say and watching everything you do.

Many search engines harvest your data and log all your online activity. This collected data is then used to target ads at you, or worse, sold to the highest bidder.

A trustworthy VPN will secure and encrypt your internet, locking it away from prying and malevolent eyes.

Do I need a VPN at home? Yes!
Websites track your location from your IP address, so if you change your IP address, you can manipulate the system and appear to be in places you are not. But it’s not just a benefit at home: A VPN can be especially useful when traveling.

In short, a VPN makes the internet better.

A VPN lets everyone experience the full internet. And while some people seem to want more walls, ExpressVPN is in the business of bringing them down.
When comes to unblock websites, let’s recommend one called RitaVPN. RitaVPN is a relatively new VPN service, but it’s already making a name for itself. Its features include split tunneling, double encryption, kill switch protection, makes it one of the best VPN in 2019. Qwer432

Why encryption is vital in free societies
In 2011, the United Nations declared internet access a universal human right. That was a necessary step forward for digital freedom, but it’s far from sufficient—it needs to add encryption to the list.

Even in free societies with ample access to the World Wide Web, the freedom to use the internet means nothing if we don’t have privacy. And privacy means nothing if we don’t have encryption. That chain of logic isn’t obvious to everyone, so let’s break it down in reverse:

Why is encryption necessary for privacy?
Most people will imagine encryption as a padlock. When you send an encrypted message over the internet, its contents are “locked” to everyone but the recipient who holds the only key. “That’s nice,” you might say. “But what if someone breaks the lock without the key? What if someone has a blowtorch?”

And that’s where the metaphor breaks down. With physical locks, there’s always a way to pick them, saw them, or melt them open. And if a lock is robust enough to resist all but the most motivated (and well-financed) lock-pickers, then the lock itself is probably too expensive for the general public.

Encryption, however, is not a physical lock—it is software. Once written, it costs virtually nothing to maintain and distribute. That’s important because the more things we encrypt, the stronger our online privacy. If only the sensitive information is encrypted, encryption becomes a signal to surveillance organizations that the information inside is worth monitoring!
But more important, unlike physical locks, encryption is protected by the laws of mathematics, which are unbreakable in the purest sense possible. The standard encryption algorithm RSA, for example, is based on factoring or solving a multiplication problem in reverse.

It’s easy to multiply two prime numbers to get a substantial number (hundreds of digits long), but you’d need a supercomputer and more than a few lifetimes to waste if you wanted to figure out which two numbers you started with.

Encryption works. Properly implemented strong crypto systems are one of the few things that you can rely on.

— Edward Snowden

That makes encryption the only practical tool we have to keep data private even if it is intercepted. Like Edward Snowden said, “Encryption works. Properly implemented strong crypto systems are one of the few things that you can rely on.”

Why is privacy necessary for freedom?
“Okay,” you might be saying at this point, “I can see why criminals would need privacy. But I have nothing to hide. The NSA isn’t interested in my chocolate chip cookie recipes.” Perhaps not. But the issue is less about the information gained by those who spy on us, and more about what it does to us.

Surveillance changes us. It’s a well-documented psychological phenomenon; people behave differently when they know they are being watched, and usually not for the better. Observation impairs performance, damages trust, and encourages conformity in those being observed.

It doesn’t matter whether you have any skeletons in your closet; just the fact that your closet is open for scrutiny limits your decisions about how you dress, walk, talk, and interact with other people.

That’s an especially tragic consequence for societies that purport to be “free.” Neil Richards, professor of law at Washington University in St. Louis, sums it up beautifully:

When we are watched, tracked and monitored, we act differently. There’s an increasing body of evidence that internet surveillance stops us from reading unpopular or controversial ideas. Remember that our most cherished ideas—that people should control the government, that heretics should not be burned at the stake and that all people are equal—were once unpopular and controversial ideas. A free society should not fear dangerous ideas, and does not need complete intellectual surveillance. Existing forms of surveillance and policing are enough.

— Neil Richards

A step in the right direction
With the growing need for encryption in a free society, it’s no surprise that the U.N. has taken a special interest. In a 2015 report from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, special rapporteur David Kaye said:

Encryption and anonymity, and the security concepts behind them provide the privacy and security necessary for the exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in the digital age. Such security may be essential for the exercise of other rights, including economic rights, privacy, due process, freedom of peaceful assembly and association, and the right to life and bodily integrity.

— David Kaye

That’s a firm step toward progress, but the report did make an allowance for “court-ordered decryption” on a “case-by-case basis” (the equivalent of giving the TSA a universal key to your luggage). Companies like Google, Microsoft, and Apple have spoken out against similar legislation in the U.S., despite officials at the highest levels remaining “sympathetic” to law enforcement.

Let’s hope the U.N. continues to be sympathetic to the link between encryption and freedom itself.
When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, let recommend a toof called fast VPN. RitaVPN is a relatively new VPN service, but it’s already making a name for itself. Its features include split tunneling, double encryption, kill switch protection, makes it one of the best VPN in 2019. Qwer432

How to survive an internet shutdown
Internet freedoms are declining.

For an eighth consecutive year, Freedom House recorded a global decrease in internet freedoms in 2018, attributing the decline to governments determined to stifle online dissent.

One strategy in particular—internet shutdowns—has been used to great effect. During elections, several countries across Africa and Asia have attempted to silence speech online, especially on social media.

With heavy-handed governments becoming more comfortable with these tactics, users are looking for ways to avoid censorship and ensure access to a free and open internet.

What is an internet shutdown?
According to AccessNow:

“An internet shutdown happens when someone—usually a government—intentionally disrupts the internet or mobile apps to control what people say or do.”

Internet shutdowns can either be total, where all access is blocked, or partial, where only certain websites or apps (like Twitter, Google, and Facebook) are inaccessible.

Total shutdowns are rarer because the economic cost of keeping people from doing business on the internet could quickly run into hundreds of millions of dollars.

Where are these shutdowns happening, and why?
Partial shutdowns are happening with greater frequency in Asia as well as East and Central Africa.

Already in 2019, shutdowns have been reported across Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, and Gabon in response to political unrest, elections, and attempted coups.

The official reasoning behind these shutdowns has been to uphold national security, ensure public safety, and prevent “fake news” from spreading. Though they have also conveniently given the authorities the means to stop protests and control elections and the information surrounding them.

With more elections happening this year, from Nigeria to India, it’s highly likely more internet shutdowns are on the way.

What are the consequences of internet shutdowns?
By diminishing the freedoms of internet users, governments are stifling their countries’ growth.

According to the Brookings Institution, shutdowns in a 12-month span of 2015 and 2016 cost economies $2.4 billion, with India racking up $968 million of that total. (The problem is so pervasive in India, there’s now a website devoted to tracking shutdowns.)

These lockdowns also infringe on the fundamental right to internet access, which the UN Human Rights Council adopted by resolution in 2016. By closing down the web, countries risk inflaming public resentment toward their governments, which could, in turn, encourage those governments to tighten their grip on internet access, sending countries spiraling into digital authoritarian rule. Some countries are already there.

What can you do to survive an internet shutdown?
With the increasing frequency of internet blackouts around the world, users are forced to find ways to circumvent them. Though there’s not much you can do when the internet is cut off completely, here are a few ways to remain online if you get caught in a partial internet shutdown.

1. Use circumvention tools like Tor
Tor is a free and open-source software that will protect you from people who may want to spy on your browsing habits. When it comes to achieving anonymity on the internet, it is virtually unbeatable.

2. Get a good VPN that will protect you from detection
With a VPN you can secure your access to the internet in its freest and most open form.

Using Tor over VPN will increase your privacy further. Simply connect to your VPN, then open the Tor Browser.

3. Stock up on tools and apps that protect your privacy and security
Start by using HTTPS Everywhere (which ExpressVPN integrated into our Chrome extension) to secure your browsing on a particular site. Make sure you’re using a browser that puts your privacy first—Tor is our firmly recommended favorite.

You’ll also want to start using more secure communications if you haven’t already, like Signal.

After following these three steps, you’ll be able to survive in any country with a partial internet shutdown. Just make sure to exercise caution when using these tools, as you may be living in a country where such use could be penalized.
When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, let recommend a toof called VPN. RitaVPN is a relatively new VPN service, but it’s already making a name for itself. Its features include split tunneling, double encryption, kill switch protection, makes it one of the best VPN in 2019. Qwer432

Net neutrality is important, and we need to fight for it
Net neutrality (before 2003, known as “common carrier concept”) describes the idea that internet service providers (ISPs) should route data indiscriminately of its type or origin. For example, a video should have the same priority, no matter if it is served by YouTube or a small competitor.

Net neutrality is an important principle of internet regulation. Despite being regarded as a cornerstone of successful innovation in an open and free internet, net neutrality is under threat from ISPs, large corporations, and governments.

What does net neutrality mean?
Every packet of data transferred through the cables and switches of internet providers should be treated the same, regardless of application, user, content, or platform.

In practice, net neutrality means that your ISP is not allowed to scrutinize your internet use and slow down, or throttle, packets based on what service you’re viewing. ISPs would not be allowed to favor companies that they have agreements with and, for example, speed up YouTube while slowing down Vimeo.

It’s because of neutrality that ISPs are often regulated similarly to public utility companies (common carriers), which are not allowed to discriminate in delivering their service. For example, during a power outage or a water shortage, your utility company will likely be prohibited from favoring some households over others.

Why net neutrality is so important
The idea of net neutrality is seen as the most important principle to guarantee healthy competition between internet companies and make it easy for users to adopt internet innovations.

Without net neutrality, an ISP could collude with a video streaming service and deliver that service’s videos with high speed and quality while limiting all other services to slow speeds and poor quality.

The high-speed video streaming service would then be able to raise prices, share the profits with the ISP, and never have to worry about competition.

Who is threatening net neutrality and why?
Internet conglomerates and ISPs threaten net neutrality. The two groups dislike the competition of a free and open market and would prefer to create a monopolistic environment where they can overcharge for inferior products—similar to how cable companies did (and still do!) before the internet.

Some examples of net neutrality breaches in the past:

Throttling of BitTorrent traffic
Offering free data, but only for a particular company (like Facebook or Spotify)
Disabling of Apple Facetime
Blocking of free internet calling services
Some large internet companies also stand accused of dismantling the principle of net neutrality. Facebook’s internet.org campaign aims to deliver free internet access to the developing world, but at the same time, it will restrict access to certain platforms and heavily favor companies owned by Facebook (WhatsApp, Instagram).

The fear is that without the principle of net neutrality, nobody will be able to create an internet startup anymore, because ISPs will favor the traffic of the major incumbent monopolies.

Net neutrality in the balance: A hand labeled ISP holding a scale with internet content on each end.

Net neutrality rules around the world
United States
Net neutrality rules were adopted in the United States by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 2005. However, the legal basis of the FCC rules remained contentious, and repeated attempts to turn them into law failed in Congress.

In 2017, under a new administration, the FCC decided to repeal its rules. The repeal went into effect in 2018 despite many online protests.

European Union
While individual countries may still decide on stronger net neutrality rules, the European Union has been setting a minimum standard since 2002. This standard still allows telecoms to downgrade their customers’ services under some circumstances.

Some European countries have robust net neutrality laws, such as the Netherlands and Slovenia, but others, like Portugal, allow for discriminating pricing models that by most people’s definitions violate net neutrality rules.

The Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet (Marco Civil da Internet) of 2014 in principle upholds the idea of net neutrality but has also blocked services like WhatsApp.

China does not have net neutrality laws and regularly censors services and data.

Since 2018, India has strong net neutrality rules that ban any form of data discrimination.

Is net neutrality the perfect solution?
In theory, yes. But there are many instances when net neutrality is far from ideal. Some data simply has a different priority compared with other data. It seems absurd to route a computer backup at the same priority as a phone call, for instance, and the world’s bandwidth use would be far more efficient if data were assigned an express and low priority.

Sadly, we have no mechanism to assess the priority of data accurately. If we were to allow internet service providers to decide, we would end up with monopolistic behavior, and if we let the users, or companies, make the call, we would likely face a situation in which everybody would flag their data as high priority.

How we could keep net neutrality
With the rise of cryptocurrencies, it might one day be possible to pay for bandwidth, not on a month-by-month or GB-by-GB basis, but by attaching a price to each requested packet based on priority.

The ISP would collect this fee as a reward and be incentivized to deliver some data first. Of course, this might mean that a GB of online videoconference footage would cost far more than a GB of backing up data, or a GB of BitTorrent, but it is a more efficient use of bandwidth.

As long as the user—not the internet service—pays for the data, ISPs and conglomerates would have little opportunity to collude. Streaming a movie in high speed from the biggest provider would cost just as much as streaming it from the smallest provider.

What you can do to save net neutrality
If you suspect that your ISP is throttling your bandwidth selectively or blocking certain services, you can use a VPN to get around it. Your ISP will not be able to look inside your encrypted VPN tunnel and will not be able to slow some services down while prioritizing others.

To protect net neutrality, you can also contact your local regulatory agency or legislator to let them know that this is something you find important.

If you are in the U.S., you can use OpenMedia’s The Internet Fights Back form. In Europe, you can use this form.
When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, let recommend a toof called VPN. RitaVPN is a relatively new VPN service, but it’s already making a name for itself. Its features include split tunneling, double encryption, kill switch protection, makes it one of the best VPN in 2019. Qwer432

Begini Cara Menghilangkan Jerawat Secara Alami

Jerawat adalah salah satu masalah kulit yang sering terjadi. Kondisi ini bisa menimbulkan rasa tidak nyaman dan menurunkan kepercayaan diri. Berbagai cara mengatasi jerawat bisa dilakukan, mulai dari cara alami hingga melakukan perawatan kulit ke dokter.cara menghilangkan jerawat kecil kecil dengan cepat
Salah satu cara untuk mengatasi kulit berjerawat adalah melakukan perawatan wajah secara alami. Berikut langkah-langkah yang bisa Anda ikuti:

1. Cuci muka secara rutin
Untuk menghilangkan jerawat secara alami, disarankan untuk membersihkan wajah menggunakan sabun berbahan lembut secara rutin. Biasakan untuk membersihkan wajah dua kali sehari, dan jangan lupa membersihkan wajah setelah menggunakan make-up dan berolahraga.

2. Oleskan toner ke wajah
Setelah mencuci muka, Anda bisa mengoleskan toner ke kulit wajah. Toner bisa membantu membersihkan kotoran dan sisa make-up yang masih menempel di wajah. Selain itu, toner juga membantu mengembalikan pH kulit, mencegah kulit kering, dan mengurangi produksi minyak. Hal ini akan membantu mengatasi masalah kulit, termasuk jerawat yang Anda alami.

3. Oleskan pelembap ke wajah
Langkah selanjutnya yang perlu dilakukan adalah menjaga kelembapan kulit wajah, dan salah satunya dengan mengoleskan pelembap. Kondisi wajah yang lembap akan menghambat peningkatan produksi minyak. Hal ini akan mencegah munculnya jerawat pada wajah. Untuk kulit berjerawat, pilih pelembap wajah berlabel noncomedogenic dan bebas minyak.

4. Gunakan tabir surya
Setelah mengoleskan pelembap, jangan lupa untuk mengoleskan juga tabir surya. Hal ini karena pada sebagian orang, paparan sinar matahari dapat memperparah jerawat.

Namun karena umumnya tabir surya bersifat comedogenic, sebaiknya Anda berkonsultasi dengan dokter untuk mendapatkan jenis tabir surya yang cocok untuk kulit berjerawat.


Jerawat yang timbul pada wajah akan memberikan reaksi berbeda-beda tergantung pada jenisnya. Salah satu yang sering mengganggu adalah rasa gatal. Pada dasarnya ada beberapa penyebab yang dapat membuat jerawat terasa gatal dan mengganggu.cara menghilangkan jerawat kecil di pipi

Jerawat yang muncul terbilang sangat mengganggu penampilan seseorang. Namun, saat reaksi gatal muncul sebaiknya Anda jangan digaruk, karena dapat menimbulkan luka yang lebih parah dan memperburuk keadaan.

Lantas, bagaimana cara mengatasi jerawat gatal agar cepat mereda? Ada 5 cara yang bisa Anda praktikan saat hal tersebut terjadi.Kondisi kulit wajah yang kotor dapat memicu timbulnya jerawat dan peradangan, sehingga akan mengakibatkan rasa gatal. Oleh karena itu, cara mengatasi jerawat gatal bisa dilakukan dengan membersihkan wajah secara teratur dengan pembersih wajah.

Sebaiknya, Anda mulai memilih produk pembersih yang bebas alkohol serta memiliki kandungan air lebih di dalamnya. Produk seperti itu memang lebih aman digunakan pada wajah berjerawat.


Salah satu cara menghilangkan jerawat kecil dan gatal yang bisa dilakukan, tentunya dengan cara menghindari sentuhan pada wajah, khususnya area yang berjerawat. Tangan kita yang tidak bersih dapat membuat kondisi jerawat di wajah semakin buruk dan menyebar ke area lainnya dengan cepat.

Oleh karena itu, Anda perlu mencuci tangan terlebih dahulu sebelum menyentuh wajah untuk make-up atau pun pada saat membersihkannya.


Selanjutnya, Anda bisa mencoba cara menghilangkan jerawat gatal lainnya dengan menjaga pola makan yang baik dan bersih. Hindarilah makanan pemicu minyak berlebih seperti gorengan, makanan pedas, ataupun tinggi gula. Mulailah dengan mengonsumsi sayuran dan buah yang kaya akan vitamin juga mineral.

Selain itu, Anda juga perlu meminum minimal 8 gelas air per hari atau setara dengan 2 liter air putih untuk menjaga kelembapan kulit. Cara ini akan lebih efektif untuk mengurangi peradangan pada jerawat.


Menjaga pola tidur yang teratur sama saja dengan memberikan kesempatan pada tubuh untuk memulihkan kembali energi. Hal ini sangat penting karena akan memengaruhi proses regenerasi kulit agar tidak menimbulkan masalah lebih parah pada kulit wajah. Pastikan Anda memiliki pola tidur yang cukup minimal 7 hingga 8 jam setiap harinya.


Saat terjadi masalah pada kulit, terlebih ketika sedang meradang, cara mengatasi jerawat gatal secara efektif yang bisa dilakukan yakni dengan mengurangi pemakaian make-up di wajah. Hal ini bertujuan agar pori-pori kulit dapat bernapas lebih baik untuk sementara waktu.

Pori-pori yang tertutup make-up dan debu bisa menjadi salah satu pemicu utama dari jerawat yang terasa gatal dan tidak kunjung hilang.

Itulah 5 cara yang bisa dilakukan untuk mengatasi jerawat gatal agar mereda. Selain 5 cara yang telah disebutkan tadi di atas, Anda bisa membantu mengurangi peradangan dengan memakai rangkaian produk Tea Tree The Body Shop®. Dimana produk ini memang khusus diformulasikan untuk mengatasi masalah jerawat.

Rangkaian produk tersebut tersedia lengkap mulai dari sabun pembersih, toner, scrub, night mask, hingga night lotion. Anda bisa memiliki semua produk tersebut dengan mengunjungi gerai resmi The Body Shop® terdekat atau membeli secara online pada situs resminya.

Colorado's New Belgium Brewery Sold to International Beverage Company

A Colorado brewery is being sold to an international beverage company after nearly 30 years in business, officials said.New Belgium Brewing Co. in Fort Collins is being sold to Lion Little World Beverages, The Coloradoan reports.brewing equipment manufacturer

Little World Beverages is part of Lion, an Australian beverage and food company that is a subsidiary of Japanese beverage giant Kirin.New Belgium and Lion would not disclose the sale price or other terms of the deal.

New Belgium is the nation’s fourth-largest craft brewer with more than 300 employees.The sale of 100% of New Belgium is expected to be completed by the end of the year pending approvals by regulators and the company’s employee stock ownership plan.

New Belgium will no longer be employee-owned following the sale, officials said.Employees will receive $100,000 of retirement money, “with some receiving significantly greater amounts,” co-founder Kim Jordan said in an open letter.

New Belgium was founded by Jordan and her then-husband Jeff Lebesch in their Fort Collins basement.New Belgium became partially employee-owned in 2000, with Jordan and her family holding a controlling interest in the company. It transitioned to full employee ownership in 2012.

Over time its employee stock ownership plan has grown and will have paid a total of $190 million to current and former employees over 19 years, including the prospective sale.

“My focus will now switch to both the Little World team and the New Belgium team,” Jordan said. “Thinking about this platform and how do we bring in other U.S. craft breweries that are aligned with the values that are important to us.

Krones expands dairy, craft beer equipment lines with W.M. Sprinkman acquisition

The Wisconsin food and beverage industry experienced a shakeup this week, with Krones Inc. acquiring W.M. Sprinkman Corp.

Krones, the North American subsidiary of German company Krones AG., purchased Sprinkman, a multi-generation family company now based in Waukesha, for an undisclosed amount with the intention of bolstering its product portfolio in North America. Krones employs 500 people at its North American headquarters in Franklin, and will add Sprinkman's 125 employees.beer brewing equipment

Sprinkman will retain its brand and become a wholly owned subsidiary. Sprinkman's headquarters will remain in Waukesha and its production facility in Elroy will remain operational.

"They have a strong brand in the brewing and dairy industries and that's very much aligned with Krones," said Susan Paprcka, Krones' head of marketing and corporate communications.

Paprcka said that before about 18 months ago, most of Krones' manufacturing presence was in Germany. The company has tried to return more manufacturing to its North American footprint, and the acquisition of W.M. Sprinkman contributes to that goal.

"We're giving our subsidiaries more control over their marketplace so we can serve our customers better," Paprcka said. "We needed a little bit more horsepower in processing technology locally."

W.M. Sprinkman primarily excels with brewing and dairy processing technology, and both of those industries are ones Krones hopes to enhance with the addition of Sprinkman. Krones' German-produced brewing equipment, branded Steinecker, typically serves large scale brewing operations, and Paprcka said Sprinkman's proliferation in the American craft brewing scene, in breweries like Milwaukee Brewing Co.'s new location, makes Sprinkman Krones' ideal complement.

"That gives us a little bit more agility to service different customers in the craft brewing area," Paprcka said. "They also manufacture the tanks, which we're not as strong in."Paprcka added that dairy is a much smaller footprint for Krones in the United States, and that Sprinkman presents a definite growth opportunity in that industry.

“Bringing Sprinkman into the Krones family not only adds an experienced team of employees and a great customer base, but also helps round out our U.S.-based process engineering and manufacturing capabilities,” said Holger Beckmann, president and CEO of Krones Inc.

W.M. Sprinkman president Brian Sprinkman added that the partnership will allow them to "exponentially widen" their product and service offerings.

Untangling where your hair extensions really come from

Go online in search of a wig or hair extensions and you'll be presented with a dizzying spectrum of choices. "Luxury" virgin hair from Brazil or Peru. "Pure" Mongolian hair. "Finest remy" hair from India. Sleek European weaves. But very rarely will you see hair from China advertised - even though that's where most of it is from.
China is the biggest exporter and importer of human hair and harvests huge amounts from its own population, as Emma Tarlo discovered on a three-year quest to untangle what happens to hair once it is no longer attached to our heads.Hair manufacturers
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"People who work in the industry are conscious of the fact Made in China is viewed as a negative label and market it in more glamorous ways instead," says the professor of anthropology and author of Entanglement: The Secret Lives of Hair.Consult the many online hair glossaries, blogs and tutorials and you'll be told that Chinese hair is the coarsest, that Filipino hair is similar but much shinier, that Brazilian hair is "full-bodied with a beautiful bounce" and Indian hair is "versatile with a natural lustre". Definitions are as varied as they are vague.
The more you try to make sense of it, the more elusive it becomes," says Tarlo. "European hair is the most valuable, partly because of its fine textures, the variety of its colours and because it is in shorter supply." Most of this hair comes from countries in Eastern Europe, such as Russia, Romania, or Ukraine.
At the top end of the market is "virgin" hair - hair that has never been chemically treated - and "remy" hair, which has been cut or shaved directly from a donor.
And then at the opposite end of the scale is "standard hair" - often used as a more marketable term for comb waste. Yes, Chinese or otherwise, many sleek and shiny hair extensions start life as hairballs, collected from combs and plugholes.
Chinese factories will often call the comb waste hair 'standard hair' because a lot of the hair comes through that route," says Tarlo.
"In terms of marketing it's up to the integrity of traders all the way along the line to specify what hair is what. Quite a lot of mislabelling goes on and often the people buying it don't ask questions anyway."

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